# Contestia

`OLIVIA based Modes: Olivia - `**Contestia** - RTTYM - PAX - VOICE

**Contestia**, developed by Nick Fedoseev (UT2UZ) in 2005, is a digital mode derived from Olivia. It aims to deliver a compromise of speed and performance.

Contestia performs very well under weak signal conditions. It decodes below the noise level but Olivia still outperforms it in this area by about 1.5 - 3db depending on configuration. Despite this, Contestia performs twice as fast as Olivia comparatively (e.g. Contestia 8/250 is twice as fast as Olivia 8/250). Contestia uses a block size of 32 where Olivia uses a block size of 64. Contestia also uses a modified alphabet that's 6-bit encoded.

## Contestia Submodes[edit]

125, 250, 500, 1000, and 2000 are the available bandwidths. 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256 are the available tones. There are a total of 40 possible submodes.

Contestia's submodes are determined by bandwidth and number of tones. This is represented with the "Contestia X/Y" or "Contestia X-Y" format, where X = # of tones and Y = Bandwidth in HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz).. Y/X is also alternatively used. E.g: Contestia 8-250 = 8/250 = 250/8 = 8 tones, 250 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). bandwidth.

The standard Contestia submodes (bandwidth/tones) are 4/125, 8/250, 16/500, 32/1000, and 64/2000.

The most commonly used submodes are 4/125, 4/250, 4/500, 8/250, 8/500, and 16/500.

2/125 | 4/125 | 8/125 | 16/125 | 32/125 | 64/125 | 128/125 | 256/125 |

2/250 | 4/250 | 8/250 | 16/250 | 32/250 | 64/250 | 128/250 | 256/250 |

2/500 | 4/500 | 8/500 | 16/500 | 32/500 | 64/500 | 128/500 | 256/500 |

2/1000 | 4/1000 | 8/1000 | 16/1000 | 32/1000 | 64/1000 | 128/1000 | 256/1000 |

2/2000 | 4/2000 | 8/2000 | 16/2000 | 32/2000 | 64/2000 | 128/2000 | 256/2000 |

## Mode Characteristics[edit]

- 8-250: "Slow" 8 tones, bandwidth=250 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=31.25 bauds, 29.2 wpm, lowest S/N=-13 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal.,
- 16-500: "Average" 16 tones, bandwidth=500 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=31.25 bauds, 39 wpm, lowest S/N =-12 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal.,
- 32-1000: ("Standard" default mode) 32 tones, bandwidth=1000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=31.25 bauds, 48.8 wpm, lowest S/N =-12 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal.,
- 8-500: "Normal" 8 tones, bandwidth=500 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=62.5 bauds, 58.6 wpm, lowest S/N =-10 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal.,
- 16-1000: "Fast" 16 tones, bandwidth=1000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=62.5 bauds, 78.2 wpm, lowest S/N =-9 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal.,
- 4-500: "Fast 2" 4 tones, bandwidth=500 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=125 bauds, 78.2 wpm, lowest S/N =-8 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal..
- 4-250: "Average 2" 4 tones, bandwidth=250 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=62,5 bauds, 39 wpm, lowest S/N =-10 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal..
- 8-1000: "Very fast" 8 tones, bandwidth=1000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz)., speed=125 bauds, 117 wpm, lowest S/N =-5 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal..

## Samples[edit]

4/125 | 4/250 | 4/500 |
---|---|---|

8/250 | 8/500 | 16/500 |
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8/1000 | 16/1000 | 32/1000 | 64/1000 |
---|---|---|---|

## Decoding Software[edit]

- Hobby Level Software

## Additional Links[edit]

- fldigi Manual on Contestia
- Contestia info
- Why Contestia 250/8?
- AC4M Digital Modes Contestia and RTTYM