NOAA ITOS High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT)

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NOAA ITOS High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT)
NOAA ITOS HRPT WF.png
Frequencies 1697.5 MHz
Frequency Range 1697.5 MHz - 1697.5 MHz
Mode WFM
Modulation FM
ACF
Emission Designator
Bandwidth 1000 kHz
Location Worldwide
Short Description An analog signal broadcast from NOAA ITOS polar satellites that transmitted images from the VHRR radiometer.
I/Q Raw Recording
Audio Sample

The NOAA ITOS (Improved TIROS Observation Satellite) series of satellites transmit high resolution pictures from the VHRR (main radiometer) and calibration/telemetry data over an analog HRPT link. Additionally, the same signal is used to transmit stored data.

The signal is an analog video signal, FMFrequency Modulation modulated, encoded over an FMFrequency Modulation link. The main payload of HRPT is VHRR data composed of two channels in the visible, and infrared spectrum; additionally, telemetry similar to APT is included in the image, and the data are transmitted at 360 lines per minute (LPM).

This signal is not to be confused with the more modern, digital HRPT signal used by the ATN (POES) series of satellites, or with the variant used by Russian METEOR-M satellites.


Data transmitted[edit]

  • 2 channels from VHRR radiometer: an infrared and a visible one.
  • Calibration data for VHRR channels
  • Spacecraft telemetry and monitoring (TLM)

Signal characteristics[edit]

  • Right-hand circular polarization
  • FMFrequency Modulation modulation encoding an FMFrequency Modulation analog video signal
  • 1 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz bandwidth
  • Transmit power 5 watts

Satellites transmitting HRPT[edit]

All ITOS satellites are officially decommissioned. However, recently NOAA-2 (ITOS-D) launched over 50 years ago, started transmitting again a signal, that matches the original specifications. No imagery is transmitted, but the telemetry lines are visible.

The signal is on for 30 seconds and off for about a minute while the satellite is passing, no signal is transmitted at night.

Last known working reception and decode, was on November 25th, 2022 in Genoa, Italy.

Satellite Frequency Notes
NOAA 2 (ITOS-D) 1697.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz Only while not eclipsed; no imagery transmitted, only telemetry.

Baseband recording[edit]

Decoding tutorial[edit]

Additional Links[edit]

Additional Images[edit]