Analogue Signals

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Click the name of a signal to see more detailed information, possible decoding, and additional sound and waterfall samples

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Inactive
(No longer in use)
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(Currently in active use)
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Unknown or Intermittent
Signal Name Description Frequency Mode Modulation Bandwidth Location Sample Audio Waterfall image
Amplitude Modulation (AM) Long range commercial broadcast and international radio. Also used for aviation communications. 153 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 137 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation AMAmplitude Modulation 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide AM radio.jpg
Amplitude Modulation Signalling System (AMSS) Amplitude Modulation Signalling System (AMSS) is a DRM-based radiotext and data technology for AMAmplitude Modulation broadcasting, like RDS that is used for FMFrequency Modulation. It transmits as a subcarrier, phase-modulating the carrier frequency. 100 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz SSB AMAmplitude Modulation (PSKPhase-Shift Keying) 200 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). AMSS.jpg
Automatic Picture Transmission (APT) Automatic Picture Transmission (APT), also known as NOAA-GEOSAT, is an analog image transmission mode used to by the NOAA weather satellites and some Russian weather satellites to transmit satellite weather photos. 137 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 138 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation AMAmplitude Modulation 34 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide APT NOAA.jpg
CCIR Selcall CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R) selcall consists of CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R)-1, CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R)-2, and PCCIR, which are 5-tone selcall modes for VHFVery High Frequency (30-300 MHz)/UHFUltra High Frequency (300-3000 MHz) radios. CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R)-1 and CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R)-2 only differ in the tone duration, and PCCIR only differs in the group, reset, and repeat tone frequencies. 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 800 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Ccir-1 5-tone.jpg
CRY2001 Voice Scrambler CRY2001 is a voice scrambling mode used on Sailor CRY2001 Scramblers. Fisherman often use these modes to communicate with privacy. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 300 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide CRY2001 Full.jpg
Distress Radiobeacon (Analog) Analog Distress Radiobeacons are simple siren-based transmitters that were installed in older EPIRB's, PLB's and ELT's. Currently used as a supplementary homing signal in modern digital radiobeacons. 121.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 243 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FMCW 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Analog radiobeacon.jpg
Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) DTMF is a signaling mode used for a variety of purposes. It's most known for telephony dialing, but is in use for many different applications such as DTMF paging for DTMF-enabled VHFVery High Frequency (30-300 MHz)/UHFUltra High Frequency (300-3000 MHz) radios. 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 800 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 3.3 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide DTMF tones.png
EURO EURO is a 5-tone selcall mode used in VHFVery High Frequency (30-300 MHz)/UHFUltra High Frequency (300-3000 MHz) radios. Also known as EuroSignal. 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 800 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Euro 5-tone.png
FM Broadcast Radio Commercial Broadcast FMFrequency Modulation radio stations. Used for the broadcast of many different radio programs, including music, news, sports, weather, and talk shows. 65 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 108 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz WFMWideband Frequency Modulation FMFrequency Modulation 38 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 200 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Broadcast FM.jpg
Hellschreiber Hellschreiber (Also known as Feld Hell or just Hell) is a teleprinter system developed in the late 1920's by Rudolf Hell, a German inventor. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) OOKOn-Off Keying Modulation, FSKFrequency-Shift Keying, MSKMinimum-Shift Keying (When Shift/Bd = 0.5. It is impossible to get this ratio to be lower than 0.5, hence it is called the 'Minimum' shift.) 350 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). — 800 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide Feld Hellthmb.jpg
ICAO Selcal ICAO Selcal (also known as AVCALL, ANNEX 10, or just SELCAL) is a HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz)/VHFVery High Frequency (30-300 MHz) aviation selective calling system used by ground stations to initiate radio communications with aircraft. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 300 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 1.5 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide ICAO Selcall sample.jpg
Meteosat WEFAX Meteosat WEFAX is a WEFAX used to transmit satellite images via Meteosat Satellites. WEFAX was introduced with the first Meteosat in 1977. 1,691 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz FMFrequency Modulation AMAmplitude Modulation, FMFrequency Modulation Worldwide
NFM Voice Used in analog walkie-talkies and communication systems. 27 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 864 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FMFrequency Modulation kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 30 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide NFMvoice.jpg
NTSC Broadcast National Television System Committee (NTSC) Television broadcast is an analogue television broadcast mode. Currently being phased out in parts of the world in favor of digital broadcast. 54 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 806 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW QAMQuadrature Amplitude Modulation, VSBVestigial Sideband Modulation MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz Worldwide No Audio File NTSC.jpg
PAL Broadcast Phase Alternating Line (PAL) Analogue Television Broadcast. Now phased out in most of the world. 47 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 862 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW QAMQuadrature Amplitude Modulation, VSBVestigial Sideband Modulation MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 8 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz Worldwide 800px-PALTV Waterfallthmb.jpg
Single Sideband Voice Single side band, either lower side band or upper side band, is an AMAmplitude Modulation modulated voice channel with one sideband suppressed. Used in the HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz) band by amateur radio hams and aircraft weather reports. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz SSB AMAmplitude Modulation 1.9 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide SSB Voice.jpg
Slow-Scan Television (SSTV) Slow-scan television (SSTV) is a method for picture transmission used by amateur radio operators to transmit and receive images. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 300 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FMFrequency Modulation 2.5 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Robot 36waterfall.jpg
Sonne Sonne (Called Consol by the Britons) was a low-frequency radio range based radio navigation system used for long range navigation. 250 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 350 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) OOKOn-Off Keying Modulation HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide Consol.png
Thales Système 3000 Voice Scrambler Voice Scrambling mode from Thales Système 3000 HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz) Modem. Has characteristic PSKPhase-Shift Keying and MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying bursts at the beginning and end of a voice transmission. 1.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) PSKPhase-Shift Keying, MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Scrambled thales.jpg
The Buzzer (ZhUOZ MDZhB UZB76) The Buzzer, call-sign ZhUOZ (formerly MDZhB and UZB76), is a Russian based military station that occasionally broadcasts Monolit format messages in Russian. Its trademark buzzer is constantly transmitted while there is no message to broadcast. 4.625 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 6.998 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) 2.8 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Russia Buzzer.png
UK AM Data System (UK-AMDS) UK AMAmplitude Modulation Data System (UK-AMDS) was developed by BBC Research and Development in 1984 as a way to transmit low bitrate data on BBC Radio 4's LFLow Frequency (30-300 kHz) AMAmplitude Modulation carrier. Elements of this system were adopted into ETSIEuropean Telecommunications Standards Institute. An independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry in Europe, developing global telecommunications standards.'s AMSS. 198 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz SSB AMAmplitude Modulation (PSKPhase-Shift Keying) 85 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). United Kingdom BBC teleswitch 2.png
Unkown 0p012 Unknown VLFVery Low Frequency (3-30 kHz) signal ~12.5 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz. Interference every 10-30 minutes: 2-3 ~12.5 KHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz tones, separated by approximately a second. 12.5 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz 24 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz UNKWN 00p012.png
VDEW VDEW is a 5-tone selcall mode defined by the Vereinigung Deutscher Elektrizitaetswerke in Germany. 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 800 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide VDEW 5-tone.jpg
Vaisala RS92-KL Weather Balloon (Radiosonde) RS92-KL and RS92-K are analog radiosondes built by Vaisala in Finland. These radiosondes are used for weather balloons. 400 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 406 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 200 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide RS92-KL.jpg
WEFAX Radiofax (Also known as Weatherfax, HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz)-FAX, WEFAX, and Weather Facsimile) is a slow scan analog image transmission mode used for the transmission of press images, weather charts, newspapers, and meteorological reports. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FMFrequency Modulation kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Weather Fascimile.jpg
Yachta T-219 Voice Scrambler Yachta or Yakhta (Russian for 'Boat') T-219 is an analogue voice scrambler. It is unique in that an FSKFrequency-Shift Keying sync signal is transmitted in the middle of the main signal, with the scrambled voice stream split above and below the FSKFrequency-Shift Keying signal. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 2.7 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Russia Yachta.jpg
ZVEI Selcall ZVEI is a family of selcall modes defined by the Zentralverband der Electrotechnischen Industrie in Germany. Selcall modes include ZVEI-1, ZVEI-2, ZVEI-3, PZVEI, DZVEI, and PDZVEI. 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 800 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Zvei-1 5-tone.jpg