Aviation

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Click the name of a signal to see more detailed information, possible decoding, and additional sound and waterfall samples

Color Legend
Inactive
(No longer in use)
Active
(Currently in active use)
Status
Unknown or Intermittent
Signal Name Description Frequency Mode Modulation Bandwidth Location Sample Audio Waterfall image
ARQ-M2-242 ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-M2-242 (Also known as TDM 242, TDM-2, 96-TDM, and ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-28) is a two-channel time division multiplexed telex system. This is the CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R) 242 standard version. Used in Aeronautical, Marine, and Point-to-Point services. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 600 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide ARQ-M2-242.jpg
ARQ-M2-342 ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-M2-342 (Also known as TDM 342, TDM-2, 96-TDM, and ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-28) is a two-channel time division multiplexed telex system. This is the CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R) 342 standard version. Used in Aeronautical, Maritime, and Point-to-Point services. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 600 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide ARQ-M2-342.jpg
ARQ-M4-242 ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-M4-242 (Also known as TDM 242, TDM-4, 192-TDM, and ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-56) is a four-channel time division multiplexed telex system. This is the CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R) 242 standard version. Used in Aeronautical, Maritime, and Point-to-Point services. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 250 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide ARQ-M4-242.jpg
ARQ-M4-342 ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-M4-342 (Also known as TDM 342, TDM-4, 192-TDM, and ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query-56) is a four-channel time division multiplexed telex system. This is the CCIRComité Consultatif International pour la Radio (Predecessor of the ITU-R) 342 standard version. Used in Aeronautical, Maritime, and Point-to-Point services. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 600 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide ARQ-M4-342.jpg
Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) Short messages sent to and from aircraft 129 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 137 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation MSKMinimum-Shift Keying (When Shift/Bd = 0.5. It is impossible to get this ratio to be lower than 0.5, hence it is called the 'Minimum' shift.) kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide ACARS.jpg
Amplitude Modulation (AM) Long range commercial broadcast and international radio. Also used for aviation communications. 153 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 137 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation AMAmplitude Modulation 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide AM radio.jpg
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) ADS-B is used by aircraft as an alternative to secondary radar. It broadcasts GPS position (latitude, longitude), pressure altitude, callsign, as well as track and ground speed separated into messages carrying 10 bytes of data each. 1,090 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW PPMPulse Position Modulation 50 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide ADS-B.jpg
Distress Radiobeacon (Analog) Analog Distress Radiobeacons are simple siren-based transmitters that were installed in older EPIRB's, PLB's and ELT's. Currently used as a supplementary homing signal in modern digital radiobeacons. 121.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 243 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FMCW 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Analog radiobeacon.jpg
HFGCS (High Frequency Global Communications System) HFGCS is a series of networks deployed by the United States Air Force to send encoded messages to deployed aircraft. This network is well known for it's coded EAM's (Emergency Action Messages) used for coordinating United States Strategic Nuclear Forces. 4.724 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 15.016 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) 2.95 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide 11175 KHZ Crop Waterfall.png
High Frequency Data Link (HFDL) HFDL, also known as HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz)-ACARS, ARINC 753, ARINC 635, and HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz) DATALINK,is a data link that aircraft use to communicate short messages over long distances using HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz) signals. 2.9 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 22 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) PSKPhase-Shift Keying 2.4 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide HFDL.jpg
ICAO Selcal ICAO Selcal (also known as AVCALL, ANNEX 10, or just SELCAL) is a HFHigh Frequency (3-30 MHz)/VHFVery High Frequency (30-300 MHz) aviation selective calling system used by ground stations to initiate radio communications with aircraft. MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 300 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 1.5 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide ICAO Selcall sample.jpg
ILS Marker Beacon ILS Marker Beacons are used by aircraft for Instrument Landing Systems, transmitted by an upward-facing directive antenna at known distances along the approach path. 75 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation OOKOn-Off Keying Modulation kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide 800px-LOM Waterfallthmb.png
Inmarsat Aero Inmarsat Aero is the protocol that's used to link ground stations with aircraft via Inmarsat's satellite link. This protocol carries digital voice, fax and low speed data such as ACARS and ADS-C. 1,545 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 3,687 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) PSKPhase-Shift Keying 800 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). — 10.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz Worldwide Inmarsat Aero.jpg
Non-Directional Beacon (NDB) A Non-Directional Beacon (NDB) is a ground-based, low frequency radio transmitter used as an instrument approach for airports and offshore platforms. 190 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 1.8 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) OOKOn-Off Keying Modulation HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide NDB.jpg
Quadcopter Telemetry Signal This signal originates from the Silicon Instruments Si1000 Software Defined Radio (SDR) that is a component of the 3DR Telemetry Radio, sold for use as a data link between a computer ground station and a UAV "a drone". 414 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 935 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz FHSS-TDM BPSKBinary Phase-Shift Keying (1 bit per symbol), 8-PSK8-Phase Phase-Shift Keying (3 bits per symbol), QAMQuadrature Amplitude Modulation Worldwide No Audio File Quadcopter.png
Sonne Sonne (Called Consol by the Britons) was a low-frequency radio range based radio navigation system used for long range navigation. 250 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 350 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) OOKOn-Off Keying Modulation HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide Consol.png
VHF Data Link - Mode 2 (VDL-M2) VDL-M2 (Known as VDL2 or VDLM2) is an evolution of ACARS that's 10 times faster and supports a wider range of information to transmit between aircraft and ground stations. VDL-M2 was developed by ARINC under Rockwell Collins. 117.975 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 137 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW PSKPhase-Shift Keying 25 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide VDL2 Waterfallthmb.jpg
VHF Omnidirectional Range (VOR) A type of radio navigation system used by aircraft. It is distinctive in that the center frequency is flanked by two FMFrequency Modulation waves. 108 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 117.95 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation AMAmplitude Modulation, FMFrequency Modulation 21 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide VORthmbnew.png