Utility Signals

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Click the name of a signal to see more detailed information, possible decoding, and additional sound and waterfall samples

Color Legend
Inactive
(No longer in use)
Active
(Currently in active use)
Status
Unknown or Intermittent
Signal Name Description Frequency Mode Modulation Bandwidth Location Sample Audio Waterfall image
BMW Key-Code signal This coded signal was sent by BMW Car-Key. It is used to open and lock bimmer doors. 433 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz FMFrequency Modulation ASKAmplitude-Shift Keying 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide BMW Key Code.jpg
California Smart-Meter This is a signal from a Californian Electricity 'Smart Meter'. Each house is now fitted with one of these, and they are strong - typically 50 dBThe decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit used to express the ratio of two values of a physical quantity, here the strength of a received signal. above the atmospheric noise level. 902 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 928 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz 15 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz United States Open-Way-Centron Smart-Meter Waterfallthmb.png
CompuLert Low speed FSKFrequency-Shift Keying telemetry to monitor and control warning sirens that are used to warn the public of threats such as tsunamis, severe weather, chemical spills and civil emergencies. 453.375 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FSKFrequency-Shift Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Compulert.jpg
Distributed Power Unit (DPU) Distributed power refers to the placing of an extra locomotive at an intermediate point in the middle section of a train. This locomotive unit is remotely controlled from the lead locomotive, and greatly increases both the pulling and stopping power of longer trains. 457.925 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide DPU.jpg
ECG Telemetry This is ECG Telemetry from a pacemaker. 403.959 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz FMFrequency Modulation FSKFrequency-Shift Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Australia Beeper.png
EFR Teleswitch Europäische Funk-Rundsteuerung (EFR) Teleswitch (European Radio Ripple Control GmbH (ERA) Teleswitch) is an energy management system operated via long-wave radio. Uses two transmitters in Germany and one in Hungary. Also known by DCF39, DCF49 and HGA22. 129.1 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz — 139.9 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) FSKFrequency-Shift Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Central Europe EFR Teleswitch.jpg
End of Train Device (EOTD) Transmits train telemetry such as brake status and accidental seperation information to the head locomotive. 427.938 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide EOTthmb.jpg
Graw DFM-06 Weather Balloon (Radiosonde) The DFM-06 is a standard radiosonde for most applications. It is perfectly suited for synoptic observations or military applications. 400.01 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 405.99 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FSKFrequency-Shift Keying Europe Graw.jpg
ISM Band Weather sensor Data returned from a consumer weather sensor using the AlectoV1 protocol. 433 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation 4.4 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Alecto wxthmb.png
ISM Band device An ISM band device such as a power meter or a wireless doorbell. 315 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 920 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation, NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation ASKAmplitude-Shift Keying, OOKOn-Off Keying Modulation, FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 20 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide ISMBandPowerMeter Waterfallthmb.jpg
Inmarsat IsatM2M IsatM2M Service operated by Inmarsat on existing Inmarsat-D/D+ infrastructure. 1,525 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 1,559 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 1.024 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Inmarsat-D.jpg
Inmarsat-D/D+ Downlink Inmarsat D+ (and it's predecessor, Inmarsat D) is Inmarsat's satellite paging system. The main use of this technology nowadays is in tracking trucks and buoys and SCADA applications. 1,525 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 1,559 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables) MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 640 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide Inmarsat D.jpg
Kiwi Kiwi is a telemetry mode developed by CNES used on amateur rockets and radio balloons in France. 137.95 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 138.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 12.5 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz France Kiwi thumb.jpg
LoJack LoJack is a vehicle tracking system that allows vehicles to be tracked by police, with the aim of recovering them in case of theft via a small radio transceiver clandestinely installed in a vehicle. 173.075 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FFSKFast Frequency-Shift Keying 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Lojack.jpg
Nissan 2012 Wireless Fob Nissan 2012 version of their Wireless Fob, FCC ID CWTWB1U840. 314.975 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 100 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Nissan 2012.jpg
Nissan Car Key Wireless entry rolling code car key. 301.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 433 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation 40 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide NissanCarFob Waterfallthmb.png
Portable Traffic Lights Signals sent from portable traffic lights that are often used at roadworks. 154.463 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz). Worldwide PortTrafLight Waterfall.png
Positive Train Control (PTC) Positive train control (PTC) is a system of functional requirements for monitoring and controlling train movements as an attempt to provide increased safety. 220 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW 20 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz United States PTC.jpg
Pursuit Wireless Car Key Pursuit series wireless car alarm entry key, for use on vehicles equipped with Pursuit Series Car Alarm System. 301.5 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 434 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation AMAmplitude Modulation 40 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide 1995 nissan key.jpg
STP403 Bus PIT System STP403 is a bus PITPassenger Information Terminals, such as bus timetable displays at bus stops system used to update digital displays at bus stops. STP403 was developed by French companies INEO and CESATEC. 164 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 468.488 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation FFSKFast Frequency-Shift Keying kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz France Fouine91 MPT1327-Like.jpg
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Signal is from a Chrysler TPMS (Tire-Pressure Monitoring System) sensor. 315 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 433 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation Worldwide TPMS.png
Toyota Car Key Wireless entry rolling code car key. 315 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 433 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz AMAmplitude Modulation 40 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide ToyotaCarFob Waterfall.png
Vaisala RS41-SG Weather Balloon (Radiosonde) Weather balloon (radiosonde) telemetry data. 400 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 410 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation GFSKGaussian Frequency-Shift Keying 4.8 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide Rs41 radiosonde wf.png
Vaisala RS92-KL Weather Balloon (Radiosonde) RS92-KL and RS92-K are analog radiosondes built by Vaisala in Finland. These radiosondes are used for weather balloons. 400 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 406 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying 200 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide RS92-KL.jpg
Vaisala RS92-SGP Weather Balloon (Radiosonde) Weather balloon (radiosonde) telemetry data. 400.15 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 405.99 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz NFMNarrowband Frequency Modulation GFSKGaussian Frequency-Shift Keying 10 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Worldwide VaisalaRS92SGP.png
Vehicle Counting System Data transmitted from a vehicle counting system installed in car parks. The data is frequency hopping over 10 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz. 915 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz — 925 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz RAW FSKFrequency-Shift Keying 10 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz Australia Flinders Uni Vehicle Counting System Waterfall.PNG
Wireless Temperature Sensor The freezer temperature is requested by a master at regular intervals, and the slave attached to a freezer responds. The communication format appears to be a variant of chirp spread spectrum, (although the spectrum it consumes is quite narrow at ~150 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz). 434 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz Chirp Spread Spectrum 150 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz Australia Waterfall spectrum of Flinders Uni freezer communication.PNG