Serdolik

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Serdolik
Crowd 36thmb.jpg
Frequencies 3 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz3,000,000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz).
3,000 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
,30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz30,000,000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz).
30,000 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
3,000 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz
30,000 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz
Frequency Range MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz3,000,000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz).
3,000 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
- 30 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz30,000,000 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz).
30,000 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
Mode USBUpper Side Band Modulation (Radio, referring to reception and modulation mode)Universal Serial Bus (Computer, referring to USB Ports and cables)
Modulation MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying
ACF
Bandwidth 1400 HzHertz (Hz), unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second (1 Hz).1.4 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
0.0014 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz
1.4 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
0.0014 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz
1.4 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz
0.0014 MHzMegaHertz (MHz) 10^6 Hz
Location Russia
Short Description Serdolik is a MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying signal used by the Russian diplomatic service.
I/Q Raw Recording
Audio Sample
Serdolik is a MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying signal used by the Russian diplomatic service.

This signal consists of a 34-tone MFSKMultiple Frequency Shift-Keying signal at 40 bdBaud (unit symbol Bd) is the unit for symbol rate or modulation rate in symbols per second.. This mode is currently mainly used for link establishment, whereas the actual traffic is passed using an OFDMOrthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing waveform.

Samples[edit]

Sample beginning of transmission:

5 Figure Coded Groups:

5 Letter Coded Groups:

Serdolik Various Modes
IRSInformation Receiving Station in an ARQ link (The station receiving information from the ISS. Will send RQ's (Repeat Request) to let the ISS know the information was received successfully. (ARQAutomatic Repeat reQuestAutomatic Repeat Query response) Tonecall 10 BdBaud (unit symbol Bd) is the unit for symbol rate or modulation rate in symbols per second. Manual
CROWD36 IRS mode.jpg
CROWD36 Tonecall.jpg
10bdCROWD36.jpg

Video Examples[edit]

Software Decoders[edit]

These can decode, but not decrypt.

Hobby Level Software


Professional Equipment/Software

Additional Links[edit]

Additional Images[edit]